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DSM-III

In DSM-III, this disorder is called Transient Tic Disorder

For more information, see Stereotyped Movement Disorders

Diagnostic Criteria

A. Onset during childhood or early adolescence.

B. Presence of recurrent, involuntary, repetitive, rapid, purposeless, motor movements (tics).

C. Ability to suppress the movements voluntarily for minutes to hours.

D. Variation in the intensity of the symptoms over weeks or months.

E. Duration of at least one month but not more than one year.

Differential Diagnosis

In Tourette's Disorder and Chronic Motor Tic Disorder the duration of the disturbance is at least one year. In Tourette's Disorder there are vocal tics which are rarely present in Transient Tic Disorder.

DSM-IV

In DSM-IV, this disorder is called Transient Tic Disorder

For more information, see Tic Disorders

Diagnostic Criteria

A. Single or multiple motor and/or vocal tics (i.e., sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations)

B. The tics occur many times a day, nearly every day for at least 4 weeks, but for no longer than 12 consecutive months.

C. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

D. The onset is before 18 years.

E. The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., stimulants) or a general medical condition (e.g., Huntington's disease or postviral encephalitis).

F. Criteria have never been met for Tourette's Disorder or Chronic Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder.

Specify if:

  • Single Episode or Recurrent

Specifiers

The course of Transient Tic Disorder may be indicated by specifying Single Episode or Recurrent.

DSM-5

For more information, see Tic Disorders

Diagnostic Criteria

Note: A tic is a sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic motor movement or vocalization.

A. Single or multiple motor and/or vocal tics.

B. The tics have been present for less than 1 year since first tic onset.

C. Onset is before age 18 years.

D. The disturbance is not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., cocaine) or another medical condition (e.g., Huntington's disease, postviral encephalitis).

E. Criteria have never been met for Tourette's disorder or persistent (chronic) motor or vocal tic disorder.