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DSM-5

This category applies to presentations in which symptoms characteristic of an obsessive-compulsive and related disorder that cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning predominate but do not meet the full criteria for any of the disorders in the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders diagnostic class. The other specified obsessive-compulsive and related disorder category is used in situations in which the clinician chooses to communicate the specific reason that the presentation does not meet the criteria for any specific obsessive-compulsive and related disorder. This is done by recording "other specified obsessive-compulsive and related disorder" followed by the specific reason (e.g., "body-focused repetitive behavior disorder").

Examples of presentations that can be specified using the "other specified" designation include the following:

Body dysmorphic-like disorder with actual flaws

This is similar to body dysmorphic disorder except that the defects or flaws in physical appearance are clearly observable by others (i.e., they are more noticeable than "slight"). In such cases, the preoccupation with these flaws is clearly excessive and causes significant impairment or distress.

Body dysmorphic-like disorder without repetitive behaviors

Presentations that meet body dysmorphic disorder except that the individual has not performed repetitive behaviors or mental acts in response to the appearance concerns.

Body-focused repetitive behavior disorder

This is characterized by recurrent body-focused repetitive behaviors (e.g., nail biting, lip biting, cheek chewing) and repeated attempts to decrease or stop the behaviors. These symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning and are not better explained by trichotillomania (hair-pilling disorder), excoriation (skin-picking) disorder, stereotypic movement disorder, or nonsuicidal self-injury.

Obsessional jealousy

This is characterized by nondelusional preoccupation with a partner's perceived infidelity. The preoccupations may lead to repetitive behaviors or mental acts in response to the infidelity concerns; they cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning; and they are not better explained by another mental disorder such as delusional disorder, jealous type, or paranoid personality disorder.

Shubo-kyofu

A variant of taijin kyofusho that is similar to body dysmorphic disorder and is characterized by excessive fear of having a bodily deformity.

Koro

Related to dhat syndrome, an episode of sudden and intense anxiety that the penis (or the vulva and nipples in females) will recede into the body, possibly leading to death.

Jikoshu-kyofu

A variant of taijin kyofushu characterized by fear of having an offensive body odor (also termed olfactory reference syndrome).